Smart Cities

Shristinagar: An upcoming smart city by Shristi Housing Development Ltd

Broadly speaking, a smart city uses technology to deliver civic services efficiently. The concept of smart city is the key to combining a sustainable future with continued economic growth and job creation. What makes a city is smart is that the solutions must all be integrated and multi-functional. A smart city is characterized by a high level of fluid mobility which allows people, information, capital and energy to flow together easily.

Smart city can be defined as a city that strategically utilizes many smart solutions such as information technology and communication infrastructure to increase the city's sustainable economic growth with judicious management of resources natural or otherwise, strengthen the city functions and provide its citizens' with a high quality of life.

The core theme behind the concept of 'smart city' is efficiency. A smart city offers an improvement on today's cities in both functional and structural terms. It uses Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a building block for its infrastructure.

  • Smarter and greener city, Environment friendly city
  • Increased convenience and economic efficiency because of additional related business opportunities
  • Smart energy networks, smart water systems
  • Smart buildings, disaster management
  • Increased project efficiency through integration of city infrastructure components
  • Increased speed and efficiency due to reduced construction times
  • Integrated operations for easier maintenance and management
  • Stability, convenience, and environment friendliness for better quality of life
  • Active participation from all sectors of the city and more tailored city regulations and policies

Smart city can be seen as a system of systems. Several independent systems combine to form meta-systems which combine to become sub-systems. This interpolation of countless independent systems requires open data source and standardization between all platforms to lead to smart city architecture. At the subsystem level, a lack of openness limits the scope of a smart city, and a lack of standardization increases the costs of a city's construction. Without these aspects, a smart city project quickly becomes cumbrous and expensive.

As a result of its service-driven ICT infrastructure, a smart city's relationship with its citizens is what distinguishes it most from a traditional city. The governance of traditional cities cannot respond to changing economic, cultural and social contexts in the way that smart-city services can. Driven by ICT-supported services, smart cities are relatively more considerate of people; responding attentively to citizens' preferences, and relying on the city's inhabitants to identify the most needed improvements to city services. A smart city is a human-centric city, constantly adapting its behavior in response to that of its citizens – the ICT users constantly interacting with city infrastructure and services.

  • Identify the core issues
  • Airport, Water connectivity – ports
  • Establishing the city as a business hub
  • Self-sustaining core industry and other sectors
  • Structure to facilitate trade
  • Robust and connected infrastructure, expressways
  • Ground and air link with major cities
  • Focus of renewable energy – low carbon footprint
  • MRT system, smart homes and facilities
  • Entertainment and recreation for higher quality life
  • Visually appealing – use minimalistic design

Smart city is efficient

  • Efficiency of smart city stems from better decision making. A city generates a lot of information which a traditional city loses. A smart city collects, manages and uses this information to its advantage.
  • Better decisions based on real time information results in more efficient and environmentally friendly processes and optimizes city costs
  • Decisions taken are observed to exigent needs of citizens' and hence promote a higher quality of life.

Smart cities save energy

  • According to US Environmental Protection Agency, cities take 2% of the Earth's land mass but produce between 30 and 40% of total emissions
  • The development plan of a smart city is done with a view to optimize the resources available and avoid wastage.
  • Use of renewable energy is endorsed which is a significant step towards reducing the carbon footprint of our industries.
  • Connect buildings, homes, renewable energy sources efficiently and smartly with smart grid
  • Demand response capability for balancing the supply and demand across the network

Energy and Environment

  • Smart street lighting
  • Waste management systemOptimized water distribution
  • Reduction of water losses with smart resource management
  • Weather intelligence systems

City Economy

  • Connected retailer
  • E-tourism
  • Business development

Security and e-Health

  • Security management and video surveillance
  • Tele-Health and care
  • Emergency management

Smart Mobility

  • Intelligent transport system and Smart parking
  • Make mobility smarter, more efficient, reliable and green
  • Better Expressways and traffic management
  • Traffic monitoring and transit management systems that deliver real time visibility across the transportation network
  • Offer reduced travel time and traffic delays

City Management

  • Integration of operations and information to optimize the overall city efficiency
  • Smart city Operations center
  • City maintenance and Improved infrastructure
  • Improved education and schooling services
  • Comfortable public transportation replacing the need for private vehicles, thereby reducing the carbon emissions and pollution

Governments all over the world are promoting development work and coming up with smart cities. Some of such examples are Vienna, Amsterdam, Dubai, Seoul, Stockholm, Chicago, and Barcelona. All these cities differ in their planning and are catered to solve the issues pertaining to each.

We at M2M Cybernetics Private Limited, together with the support of SREI and Shristi Development, are working towards several such small-scale to large-scale projects in various parts of India.